Selected publications

A Guide to Ensuring Gender Equality for Women Workers in Trade Unions in Bangladesh

by FES Bangladesh Office

Bangladesh has seen a significant increase in women’s participation in the workforce in recent years. According to the International Labour Organization, it increased by 35 percent between 2008 and 2017, while male employment increased by only 11 percent. However, women still face many barriers in the job market. One important issue is their limited participation in trade unions. Although the potential to improve the situation for women is huge, women are still severely underrepresented - on average only 6.3% of trade union members are women. The purpose of this report is therefore to look into women’s participation in trade unions and the issues they face as well as how women’s roles in trade unions can be strengthened.

 

The report has been written by:
Farzana Nawaz – Consultant at Laudes Foundation
Tania Haque – Associate Professor at Dhaka University

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The Crisis in the World of Work in view of COVID-19

Authors: Khondaker Golam Moazzem, Tamim Ahmed, A S M Shamim Alam Shibly, Taslima Taznur

by FES Bangladesh Office

The 7th Anniversary of Rana Plaza tragedy (24 April 2020) was observed in a completely different context in Bangladesh – particularly with regard to the world of work. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the shutdown of all kinds of economic activities in the country since late March 2020 which severely affected businesses, employment, workers’ wages and earnings, occupational safety and health (OSH) and workers’ rights. The country’s world of work would be affected further in the coming days in view of the grim outlook on the economy for the rest of the period of 2020 and partly for 2021.

 

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Feminist Perspectives on the Future of Work in Bangladesh

Fahana Nawaz (October 2019)

by itcreate

Over the last few years, despite economic growth and declining poverty levels in Asia, inequality has continued to grow with large groups of society becoming marginalised, not least women. In Bangladesh, despite significant progress on women’s rights in recent years, women still compose a far smaller share of the labour force, and continue to face structural societal challenges towards education, higher level jobs and better work conditions.  In addition, automation within the ready-made garment sector as well as the agricultural sector presents a big risk for women’s labour participation. Upcoming sectors, such as within Information and Communication Technology, risks limiting women’s access to the labour market even further.

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Employment, Labour Force Participation and Education: Towards Gender Equality in Bangladesh

By Rushidan I Rahman, PHD and Rizwanul Islam, PHD

by FES Bangladesh Office

Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Bangladesh and Centre for Development and Employment Research are proud to present our new study "Employment, Labour Force Participation and Education: Towards Gender Equality in Bangladesh". The authors, Rushidan I Rahman, PHD and Rizwanul Islam, have conducted a quantitative study on the role of women and their possibilities in the labour force in the fast developing economy of Bangladesh. Based on the results, they have made a number of policy recommendations on how to reduce gender inequality in the country.

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Graduating LDCs in an Evolving WTO: Options and Strategies

By Professor Mustafizur Rahman and Dr. Debapriya Bhattarcharya (June 2019)

by itcreate

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Bangladesh and Centre for Policy Dialogue are proud of presenting a newly published study titled “Graduating LDCs in an Evolving WTO: Options and Strategies”. The authors analyse recent developments and reform initiatives in the WTO from the perspectives of "graduating LDCs" and made suggestions on how the WTO can safeguard their trade interests in the course of losing their LDC status. FES Geneva Office will launch the study in the WTO Public Forum in Geneva, October 2019.

Stay tuned for updates after the launch! 

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Livelihood Challenges of RMG Workers - Exploring Scopes within the Structure of Minimum Wages and Beyond

By Khondaker Golam Moazzem and Md. Arfanuzzaman (December 2018)

by itcreate

This paper examines the livelihood issues of the workers in the readymade garments (RMG) sector of Bangladesh, and identifies the scope of determining a minimum wage that would address their requirements of a decent livelihood standard. The study observes a compositional change in workers’ household expenditure patterns, where non-food expenses have taken up the larger share. Workers of all grades were found struggling to meet their essential needs, which indirectly implies that their earnings are inadequate for spending beyond the subsistence level.

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The Ignored Generation - Exploring the Dynamics of Youth Employment in Bangladesh

By Fahmida Khatun and Syed Yusuf Saadat (October 2018)

by itcreate

With a large youth population, Bangladesh faces the challenges of harvesting the benefits of a demographic dividend. However, in recent years, the labour market of Bangladesh has been struggling to absorb the increasing number of young job-seekers. This disconcerting trend remains a fault line in Bangladesh’s prospect of graduating from the least developed country (LDC) category with a momentum. In this context, this study, undertaken by the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), provides an insightful exposure of the causes of youth unemployment in the country. It constitutes an analysis of the latest available empirical evidence.

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Performance of EPZ RMG Enterprises Are They Still Better Compared to Non-EPZ Enterprises?

By Khondaker Golam Moazzem, Md Arfanuzzaman, Faizan Bin Halim, Minhaz M Reza and Syeda Samiha Azim (BP 15/2018)

by FES Bangladesh Office

The policy brief examines the nature and extent of dierences in the relative performance of EPZ and non-EPZ enterprises in the post-Rana Plaza period. Based on the data collected from the sample survey of 226 randomly selected non-EPZ area enterprises and 14 EPZ enterprises, the study undertakes a comparative assessment of these two types of enterprises of the RMG sector.

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Are Subcontractee Enterprises Able to Upgrade? Insights from a Case Study

By ondaker Golam Moazzem and Md. Arfanuzzaman (PB 14/2018)

by itcreate

The Policy Brief presents a case study of a subcontractee enterprise which is not a member of any trade body but enlisted in the DIFE. The Brief highlights the benchmark level of social compliance and technological standards of this enterprise in order to understand its potentiality in undertaking necessary economic and social upgrading activities to make the enterprise sustainable.

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Workers’ Organisations in RMG Enterprises - How to Address Institutional Challenges?

By Khondaker Golam Moazzem and Syeda Samiha Azim (PB 13/2018)

by FES Bangladesh Office

The poor state of workers’ organisations at the enterprise level is the weakest part of a globally competitive readymade garment (RMG) value chain of Bangladesh. The situation did not improve even after undertaking various initiatives during the post-Rana Plaza period.  The Policy Brief reviews the challenges of institutionalisation of workers’ organisations in the RMG sector and puts forward suggestions for better functioning of these organisations.

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